Antisémitismes en France
State-backed Anti-Semitism in France?
Krief Affair, an example of French State-Backed anti-Semitism
In 2009, Jacques Attali, a French Jewish intellectual, President of an NGO promoting microfinance PlaNet Finance, and former adviser to the late socialist President François Mitterrand, was on the record denying that anti-Semitism exists in France. Said Attali to Haaretz:
"It is a problem which does not exist ... Bu****it, peanuts, lies ... I think it is propaganda, Israeli propaganda ... Zero! None whatsoever. It's a lie."
"It's crucial to Israel and to the whole world for Jews and Arabs in France to get along. These relations are of strategic importance: if they cannot live in harmony here, they cannot live in harmony anywhere".
"We have the good fortune of living in a country where the authorities and the political parties vigorously reject anti-Semitism. Unfortunately, in certain neighbourhoods -- which Jacques Attali apparently does not go to -- we are witnessing an increasing trend toward a climate of abhorrence of Jews which expresses itself through insults and, quite often, through physical aggression".
"The word 'anti-Semite' designates Arabs too ... It is more difficult in France to be a Muslim than to be a Jew".
"[President Mitterrand] did not feel a certain fear about Germans, contrary to... Jacques Attali, who is Jewish. Attali was trying to attract Mitterrand to his own concerns, but unsuccessfully".
As Algeria-born professor Shmuel Trigano noted, it was then not "politically correct" to admit that many anti-Semitic incidents were committed by perpetrators of Muslim migrant descent; migrants were perceived as "innocent" because they were victims of racism.
In 2004, Rufin wrote in his government-commissioned report on racism and anti-Semitism that "it is not conceivable today to fight actively in France against anti-Semitism in its new mutations without going all-out to try and balance anew the public's view of the situation in the Middle East."
On April 9, 2015 French National Consultative Commission on Human Rights (CNCDH)'s annual report on racism, anti-Semitism and xenophobia revealed that 851 anti-Semitic acts were recorded in 2014, against 423 in 2013.
"Antisemitism in France in 2015: incredibly high, extremely violent and home-grown:
‣ 808 Antisemitic acts committed in France in 2015 led to filing a complaint. This number is extremely high.
‣ In 2015, 29 people (men, women, children, babies) were taken hostage in a kosher supermarket on 9 January 2015. 4 people were executed.
‣ For the first time, Antisemitism in France reached a very high level regardless of the armed conflict in the Middle East.
‣ Once again in 2015, Jews, who represent less than one percent of the total population, are the target of 40 percent of all racist crimes committed in France, and 49 percent of racist violent acts committed against people.
‣ In France, there were on average two Antisemitic acts perpetrated every day in 2015.
‣ In 2015, many victims of Antisemitic acts said that they preferred not to file a complaint for Antisemitic insults, threats or light violence, while others were executed a few months earlier because they were Jews.
‣ The number of Jews that leave the country or think about leaving France for another country keeps on increasing. A large proportion of French Jews do not feel at ease within society and feels misunderstood even besides security issues", SPCJ said.